References for arguments against Fracking

Chemicals Used In Fracking

Endocrine Disruption
Gas Migration into Aquifers

Water Issue

  • Usage: 3 million to 6 million gallons per frack. Even if they are able to recycle produced water, there is still the concern of recycling flowback waste water. Either way, not all water is recoverable post-injection. Not all water is recyclable post-recovery. Millions of gallons are lost from the water cycle, wasted and lost forever.
    Enough Said.

  • Disposal: Development of shale oil or shale gas will inevitably lead to the production of waste-water flow-back and “produced water”. Both of these byproducts are then improperly disposed of via:
  • Waste-water wells (producing earthquakes)
  • An open pit nearby (releasing a chemical cocktail of evaporated fumes and volatile chemicals into the air)
  • Transported to a waste-water treatment facility (during which many leaks and/or accidents have occurred many times in the past)

Groundwater Contamination


Industry : “We’ve been Fracking “safely” for 80 years.”

Shale oil and gas production is a new phenomenon. The commencement of horizontal and directional drilling marrying the traditional hydraulic fracturing occurred in the later half of 2002. Since 2003, they’ve been unconventionally fracking for shale oil and gas, utilizing deep, directional hydraulic fracturing for fossil fuel extraction.

Industry : “There has never been a recorded case of water contamination as a direct result of Fracking.”

>>> When the industry says “fracking”, they acutely refer to “The initial process of well stimulation.” Their use of “Fracking” is a well-defined industry term that does not reflect the status quo usage of the term. When we say Fracking, we tend to convey the entirety of the process. The industry, however, refers to the entirety of the process as “shale development” or “overall shale production”. Thus, our emphasis should be on the dangers of water contamination as a result of shale oil and shale gas development and production. This use of correct terminology accurately encapsulates the process we are concerned with, while avoiding the industry semantics that put our “common-use” of the word “fracking” at odds with their “technical definition” of “fracking”.

Fracking Induces Earthquakes

  • Motherjones


  • Ohio



  • North Texas



Methane Leakage At Natural Gas Sites
  • Whether it is shale oil or shale gas production, hydraulically fracturing either type of shale will inevitably lead to methane leakage into the atmosphere (where there is oil, there is gas). And whether it is shale gas or shale oil, the carbon footprint of either shale development process will inevitably exasperate carbon emissions and release volatile chemicals into our air.
Air Pollution Near Fracking Sites
Misleading Jobs Numbers
Depleted Property Value